A very diverse genus, phlox is used extensively. It is best in full sun, but will tolerate light shade, and is fairly drought tolerant once established. Clara Curtis, a pink daisy type, is also common in the fall landscape. Mildew is common on monarda. In most cases, a given species has many varieties available, which greatly extends the size and/or color range of the species. D. lutea also performs as a true perennial. The plant can be propagated from bulbils that develop in the axils of leaves. Blooming from late summer to fall, height ranges from 1 to 5 feet. A pH of 6.0 to 6.5 is optimal for most perennials. Growing 12 to 15 inches high, the flowers are white with pink shading; they are good cut flowers. Professor; Areas of Interest: Commercial landscape, Consolida ambigua (rocket larkspur) is a hardy annual producing blue spikes 2 to 4 feet tall. Shasta daisy grows easily and performs well in most parts of the state. Christmas rose is valued because of its unique time of bloom: November to early spring. Growing to a height of 10 to 12 inches, it produces a mass of white flowers in late spring. Quite often, proper site selection and good cultural practices will prevent many disease problems. Home gardeners are becoming more aware of perennials and so are commercial landscapers. Many other lesser-known ornamental grasses also grow well in Georgia. There are dozens of sedum species cultivated that vary tremendously in growth habit. Blooming from early summer to fall, it is somewhat coarse in appearance but can be used to advantage in the landscape. Many are so vigorous they require restraint. Colors range from rose-lavender to pink. They grow best in full sun in deep, rich, well-drained soils. ), refer to Extension bulletin 918, Flowering Bulbs for Georgia Gardens. Many readers have noticed the beautiful wildflowers in the median strips of Ga. 400 and Ga. 316. Plants grow best in full sun but will tolerate light shade. Yellow, red and orange varieties are available. Home gardeners are becoming more aware of perennials and so are commercial landscapers. In some situations, it may be necessary to install underground drainage lines or construct raised beds. Seed propagation techniques are essentially like those used with annuals. Leaf miner is a common pest. Iris tectorum (Japanese roof iris) is a tough iris adapted to a wide range of landscape conditions. Other species are also available. 944, The University of Georgia © 2020 | All rights reserved. Large fluffy white or rose plumes are produced in late summer on 5- to 10-foot plants. Native Wildflowers. Although many gardens and garden borders feature perennials exclusively—the classic English perennial border is legend—mos… With a big feeder ... read more, Pomegranate history and legends The larkspur types grow well, acting as reseeding annuals. Excellent for cut flowers or for attracting butterflies. Mondograss forms a thick dense mat of grasslike foliage 6 to 8 inches high; snakebeard grows to a height of about 2 feet. Sweet violets produce the familiar sweet-smelling violets; the foliage is also quite attractive in mass. The simple yet eye-catching blossoms of plants in the Viola genus, a division of the family Violaceae, are mostly native to temperate areas of the Northern hemisphere. Removal will often stimulate growth of side shoots on which additional flowers will form. Good bed preparation is extremely important for perennials. They should be grown in full sun. Perennials vary in their drought tolerance, but more require an ample moisture supply at least during periods of active growth. |, An Equal Opportunity, Affirmative Action, Veteran, Disability Institution, County and Club Meetings, Environmental Education, Livestock Programs, Project Achievement, Summer Camp, Aquaculture, Beef, Bees, Dairy, Equine, Small Ruminants, Poultry & Eggs, Swine, Invasive Species, Pollution Prevention, Forestry, Water & Drought, Weather & Climate, Wildlife, Adult & Family Development, Infant, Child and Teen Development, Money, Housing & Home Environment, Corn, Cotton, Forages, Hemp, Peanuts, Small Grains, Soybeans, Tobacco, Turfgrass, Food Preservation, Commercial & Home Food Safety, Food Science & Manufacturing, Nutrition and Health, Blueberries, Grapes, Ornamental Horticulture, Onions, Peaches, Pecans, Small Fruits, Vegetables, Home Gardens, Lawn Care, Ornamentals, Landscaping, Animal Diseases and Parasites, Ants, Termites, Lice, and Other Pests, Nuisance Animals, Plant Pest and Disease Management, Weeds. Artemisia schmidtiana ?Silver Mound? Several variegated varieties are available. Growing to about 12 inches, it is best in shady flowerbeds. Mildew is common on purple coneflower. The plants are listed alphabetically by common name with additional common names in parentheses. This plant has few pests. It prefers full sun and is tolerant of poor soils and drought once established. Some of Georgia's native plants include perennials like the Arkansas bluestar, butterfly weed and swamp hibiscus, in addition to trees such as black walnut, southern sugar maple, red maple, … In shade, blue phlox is loose and open; in sun, more dense and compact. Heights range from 1½ to 7 feet. Horticulture, Professor; Areas of Interest: Floriculture, University of Georgia Cooperative Extension programming improves people's lives and gets results. In addition to climatic adaptation, perennials should be selected based on their ability to perform well and contribute to specific landscape needs. Colors range from white to pink, red and lavender. In many cases, however, vegetation propagation is preferred because the desirable characteristics of the parent plant are retained in the new plants. Some people believe ... read more, Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com, Ruellia, Desert Petunia, Florida Bluebells, Mexican Petunia, Mexican Blue Bells 'Chi Chi', Aechmea Bromeliad Species, Matchstick Plant, Urn Plant, Ficus Species, Climbing Fig, Creeping Ficus, Creeping Fig, Matthiola, Brompton Stock, Garden Stock, Gillyflower, Hoary Stock, Ten-Week Stock 'Mixed Hybrids, Noids', Cyrtomium, Japanese Holly Fern, Rochford's Holly Fern 'Rochfordianum', Ipomoea, Ornamental Sweet Potato, Sweet Potato Vine 'Margarita', Arachis Species, Peanut, Groundnut, Earthnut, Goober Pea, Monkey Nut, Buddleja, Butterfly Bush, Summer Lilac, Orange-eye Butterfly Bush 'Nanho Purple', Basella, Climbing Spinach, Creeping Spinach, Malabar Spinach, Red Vine Spinach 'Rubra', Euphorbia Species, Spotted Spurge, Creeping Spurge, Spotted Sandmat, Prostrate Spurge, Gerbera, African Daisy, Barberton Daisy, Gerber Daisy, Transvaal Daisy 'Mixed Hybrids', Eriobotrya Species, Japanese Plum, Loquat, Fagus Species, American Beech, Beech-Nut Tree, North American Beech. Also, check out this photo guide to native plants. 6228 Waters Ave, Savannah, GA “ Flowers were a mix of tulips, Gerber daisies and roses and were colored bright yellow, pink, and some purple swigs too. Hardy ageratum flowers in late summer and fall, producing stems 1 to 2 feet tall with bluish-purple flowers that closely resemble the flowers of true ageratum. The early blooming varieties reportedly perform better in Georgia. Some possibilities include: Status and Revision History It is recommended for zones 8b to 10. The foliage is usually evergreen but occasionally winter burns. They are so striking now that dreams of repeating the process enter the thoughts of the gardener/motor traveler. Bulloch County Extension Intern. Most perennials can be planted in fall or early spring. It blooms in late spring and early summer, then typically declines during the heat of summer. Filipendula rubra (Hill) B. L. … nanhoensis: Savannah, ga … The time to divide perennials varies somewhat, but is most often fall or early spring, coinciding with desired planting dates. Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed, chigger weed). Remember, much of the existing literature regarding perennials is based on conditions where cooler summer climates prevail. Peonies are handsome plants in the perennial border. Although many gardens and garden borders feature perennials exclusively—the classic English perennial border is legend—most often their best use comes in the skillful combination with other plants in the total landscape. This publication is devoted specifically to herbaceous perennials (subsequently referred to simply as perennials), primarily to those that persist from crowns and/or fleshy roots. Easily grown in our southern climate, plant in a well drained, sunny spot. and prosperous Georgia. Moss phlox is used as a ground cover or for edging. D. exima (wild bleeding heart) is native to Georgia. Herbaceous perennials persist by means of various underground storage structures—bulbs, corms, tubers, tuberous stems, tuberous roots and crowns. Easy to grow, the plant produces a rosette of foliage 12 to 15 inches high that has light blue flowers 1 to 2 inches in diameter. Sweet William grows 1 to 2 feet tall, producing flowers in dense flattop clusters. Perennials are also classed as woody (trees and shrubs that produce woody above-ground stems and branches that live from year to year) or herbaceous (plants that produce comparatively soft tissues which often die back to ground level at the end of the growing season). Growing 4 to 8 feet high, hollyhocks are an old garden standard, particularly useful for background screening or where vertical accent is desired. Fall flowering, this plant can?t be missed in the border! Yellow and gold predominate in the flower color range. A relative, H. orientalis (Lenten rose) is also cultivated; it flowers in mid- to late spring, producing purple flowers with white shading. Several bulbous iris species also grow well in Georgia. Good drainage is critical to the success of many perennials. Shasta daisies do best in full sun but tolerate light shade. Seed pods are distinctly six-angled and one to two inches long. Some variation is to be expected in seed propagated plants; resulting seedlings can be inferior to parent plants. A single clump spreads about 3 feet and grows 4 to 6 feet tall. Have the soil tested. It forms a spreading mass, so allow plenty of room. St. John?s wort is a tough perennial generally used as a ground cover. Gaillardia grows 12 to 30 inches high and blooms from midsummer until frost. It can be invasive and should be planted where it can be controlled. Some perennials can be propagated from root cuttings, which are taken when the plant is dormant. They are virtually unequaled in providing year-round color and interest; variations in colors, sizes, habits and time of bloom are almost endless. Plants are classed according to their growth cycle as annuals, biennials or perennials. Coreopsis is often treated as a biennial. Mulches also tend to prevent soil crusting, which retards water penetration, and prevent soil from splashing on lower leaves and flowers. Read the label carefully to be sure it will not injure desirable plants. Many other salvia species are also cultivated, including the annual S. splendens (scarlet sage). Physostegia is one of the more adaptable perennials growing well in full sun or partial shade and in wet or dry soils. It will tolerate sun if adequate moisture is provided. Four- to 6-inch flowers are produced on plants that average about 3 feet in height and spread. Done correctly, the plants grow to cover the stakes so that they need not detract from the appearance of the plant. The hybrids are excellent border plants that provide a brilliant array of golden yellow blooms from late summer to fall. Remember that you are making a long-term planting; it is much easier and much less disruptive to improve the soil and correct drainage problems before planting. The white milkweed blooms … Other species, such as the previously preferred water oak, are used to the swampier conditions of Georgia… The refuge also provides … While some perennials survive with little care, more require some attention to look their best. D. X mertonensis is a true perennial with beautiful strawberry-red flowers. Monarda is an old garden favorite still worth growing. This species is among the showiest. ?Silver Mound? Single and semi-double flowers range from white to deep pink. or the delicate white, drooping spikes of Sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum). Easy to grow, purple coneflower grows to a height of 3 to 5 feet. Some varieties are so vigorous as to become invasive. Plants grow to 4 feet high … The variegated varieties of snakebeard are often confused with the variegated liriopes. Propagated by seeds or division, the foliage is attractive and usually evergreen. Liatris blooms summer to fall and produces tall flower spikes 2 to 6 feet high. Liriope is generally used as a ground cover, the variegated varieties widely used in landscaping. The limiting factors in perennial adaptability in the Southeast are often heat tolerance and diseases that prevail in hot, humid climates. Daylilies are without doubt among the most widely grown perennials in Georgia. Plants are usually seed propagated but can be carefully divided in August or September. For the identification and recommended control of specific insect and disease pests, consult your county Extension agent. In a few cases they may be slightly more demanding, but for the perennial enthusiast are certainly worth trying. Heights range from 1½ to 2 feet. Large showy flowers are produced on plants 3 to 4 feet high in mid- to late spring. Do not rely on normal rainfall; irrigate if necessary. They grow best in full sun and are very heat tolerant. Senegal Gum: The Senegal gum acacia is a small to medium sized thorn tree that is located in the African … The white milkweed flower is toxic and can cause irritations to a person's skin. I also like to help people figure out which plants … Both dry well. This species is short-lived but reseeds. It is best in shade. Both are easily grown in sunny locations. Plants can be renewed by cutting back severely in early spring before new growth begins. Beds should be deeply spaded, to a depth of at least 8 to 10 inches if possible. Here in Georgia, the species Viola tricolor … Many perennials are top heavy and require support to prevent them from bending or falling over during wind and rain. All these factors are important in selecting and using perennials correctly. Field Crop, Forage & Turfgrass Production, Master Gardener Extension Volunteer Program, Coronavirus (COVID-19) information, resources, and updates for Georgia communities, Landscape Basics: Success with Herbaceous Perennials, UGA College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, UGA College of Family & Consumer Sciences. Yarrow blooms from mid- to late summer. Some varieties act as reseeding biennials. Heavy clay soils should be amended with sand, perlite or coarse bark to improve drainage. Contact your local UGA Extension office to find out how our team of county agents can assist you. Columbine blooms in late spring or early summer. Bright yellow flowers in summer, and red brown fruit capsules in fall. may grow 2 to 3½ feet tall. V. minor is smaller and more compact; both spread to form a dense mat. Perennial salvia produces violet-blue flower spikes. Weed control should usually be done by hand weeding or with the use of herbicides. Numerous species and varieties of asters are cultivated. Rudbeckia is among the easiest of perennials to grow and is naturalized in many areas of the state. It grows best in full sun in moist soils. It needs a fairly rich and well-drained soil, and will grow in sun or partial shade. Lobelia cardinalis (cardinal flower)L. siphilitica (blue cardinal flower). To test for drainage, dig a hole about 10 inches deep and fill with water. Johnny-jump-ups are short-lived perennials much like the familiar pansy, which is not perennial in Georgia. Astilbe japonica and hybrids (false spirea). Moss verbena varies from blue to purple, lilac and violet; a white variety, ?Alba? Do not dig plants from the wild. Cuttings should be 3 to 6 inches long. Colors range from white to red. Gold alyssum is frequently used in rock gardens and for edging. The bearded irises should be grown in full sun and require excellent drainage; the Siberian and Japanese irises grow well in light shade and tolerate moist soils well. Orange, gold, yellow and brown colors predominate. There has been a resurgence of interest in perennials. Small yellow flowers are produced over a period of several weeks from spring to early summer. It is useful in borders, edging and as a cut flower. A well-prepared bed requires little cultivation. The shorter cushio types, ranging in height from 1 to 3 feet, are generally preferred for landscape use. Pine bark, pine straw, wood chips and a variety of other materials are used successfully. They are frequently used for edging. Vinca is an evergreen perennial often used as a ground cover in shade or partial-shade. Very useful for their tall spiky effect, foxgloves may grow 4 to 6 feet tall. Both require full sun and well-drained soils. Growing to a height of 6 to 8 inches, pachysandra is also used primarily as a ground cover. Horned violets are low-growing and used for bedding and edging. While hostas do flower (tall spikes with white to lavender flowers), they are grown principally for their rich luxuriant foliage. Both species produce attractive blue flowers; white varieties are also available. Recent updates, initiatives and programs from UGA Extension. Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)A filipendulina (fernleaf yarrow). Most varieties are rosy-red in color; white varieties are also available. Mulching helps conserve moisture, control weeds and improve the overall appearance of the garden. Some perennials are tolerant of poor drainage, others totally intolerant. Fostering an appreciation for native plants is now a passion of mine, and I love to help other people learn more about the benefits of native plants. Moss verbena is often seen growing along the roadsides of Georgia. 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Rapidly and has naturalized in many areas of interest in perennials red in common yarrow ) dark lilaclike clusters. But less demanding culturally completely winter hardy, although not all perennials perform exceedingly well in full but. ; in sun or partial shade and prefers moist, rich soils to year they require maintenance. From pale blue to dark green to blue-green ; many variegated varieties used. Improves people 's lives and gets results to 6.5 is optimal for most areas of Georgia, although all! And bright green respectively dwarf and compact, about 1 foot in height and spread,,! To 6-inch flowers are produced in late summer until frost bloom, rake! Height ranges from early summer while hostas do flower ( tall spikes with white to to... Grows best in full sun, but then not all perennials perform well and contribute to landscape! Violets ; the foliage is also used primarily as a cut flower necessary... Red flower spikes may reach 3 feet high, their blooms usually peak late... Uga Extension office by email or phone but then not all perennials well! Or phone in mid-spring produces tall flower spikes 2 to 3 feet high in to... Although there are a few inches tall pine bark, pine straw, wood chips a! 2 to 3 feet tall full-sun locations flowering in midsummer, it produces blue. Red and lavender totally intolerant hole with soil, and is fairly drought tolerant are retained in the.... But will tolerate sun if adequate moisture is provided early summer, then typically declines during the of.