This is reviled by Sunnis and it is minor differences like these which produce sectarianism. It is the pledge made by the bride just before the words “till death do us part". Bride: “May my husband live a hundred years, and my people prosper. The Vedas affirm that a person, after the completion of his student life, should enter the second stage of life. After marriage the girl can attend and address Vidhata (assembly regarding religious and spiritual matters) and Sabha (assembly regarding social, economics and political matters) and should conduct as per Rta (cosmic Laws of necessity) and Dharma (Rig Veda 10-85-26 to 42 and 47). Log in to our website to save your bookmarks. The oldest of the texts is the Rig Veda, and while it is not possible to establis… Vedas in English Vedas in Sanskrit. or earlier. The ancient Indian Vedic scriptures are the greatest heritage of India. ", Purohit: “Witness this bride and bless her. [1][2] The roots of this tradition are found in hymn 10.85 of the Rigveda, which is also called the "Rigvedic wedding hymn". ", Bride: “My mind will move with your mind in love, like water flowing on the path of life. Set me, O Earth, amidst the nourishing strength That emanates from thy body. Let us work together as two friends, seekers of the same goal. Griffith, [1895], at sacred-texts.com. ", Facing the couple he says: “May you always follow the principles of dharma, artha and kama (morality, economics and sexual pleasure). It is love that gives to love. Sulabha was an authority on the Vedas and entered into Vedic arguments with King Janaka (Janaka is like a title and there are known to be 19 such with the father of Goddess Sita being one of them). The couple faces the fire with the groom standing behind the bride, reaching out in front to cup her palms in his. Even married women were known to be acknowledged authorities on the Vedas. ", The groom replies with these words: “Who is giving to whom? In love, may we see a hundred autumns, live a hundred autumns and hear a hundred autumns. A woman may ask for as much money as she wishes. The couple chants together: “We take the first step for nourishment.". There are many such examples and it is not possible to mention all of them. Such beauty and polish is not to be found in any other marriage anywhere in the world, even if we didn’t realize it at the time. Let us look at the Vedic wedding. The general themes of this work are the praising of the gods, and requests for worldly benefits such as wealth, health, longevity, protection, and victory. The Vedas consider vivaha or marriage as one of the important ‘Sarira Samskaras’ or sacraments sanctifying the body Hence, their was the Vedic injunction that every Hindu should pass through the sacrament of marriage at the proper age. ", The couple then hold hands, and the groom says: “I hold your hand happily, for I am your husband. Click here to read the Mint ePaperMint is now on Telegram. Love is giver, receiver, an inexhaustible ocean. We are familiar with the Christian wedding and its vows because of cinema and our familiarity with English. Even the Asuras (demons), who break all the rules, do not participate in same-sex relationships. This is the Grihastha, or life of a householder. Technically, child marriage is illegal in India. Bride: “I respect you with all my mind and all my heart, I respect your soul with mine. When a man and a woman of pure conduct, bound by mutual love, consummate their marriage, all elements like form, etc., get totally absorbed in the fire of their union. Vedas, meaning “knowledge,” were written in Vedic Sanskrit between 1500 and 500 BCE in the northwestern region the Indian Subcontinent. The wedding begins with the purohit addressing the gathered: “Say these words to bless the wedding: ‘May all be holy (Om punyaham), may all be successful (Om riddhim), may all be well (Om svasti).’". They chant together: “With these seven steps I am your friend, may I deserve your friendship and may it make me one with you, loved and loving, sakha-sakhi. This is followed by the Kushandika, the fire ritual. May the universe’s powers bless us and the holy waters unite us. Hymns of the Atharva Veda, by Ralph T.H. Be with me and let’s together build the ideal home. More than the conjugal relationship in re-marriages, Vedas ensure the safety of women. ", The purohit tells the bride: “As Sachi to Indra, as Svaha to Agni, as Rohini to Chandra, as Damayanti to Nala, as Bhadra to Vivasyat, as Arundhati to Vashishth, as Lakshmi to Vishnu, may you be to your husband. ", The bride replies: “May the path of my husband be spontaneous, and I shall walk on it with pleasure.". The last four forms of marriage were known as Aprashasta forms, and all were regarded as undesirable, for reasons that will become clear. 1 Truth is the base that bears the earth; by SÅ«rya are the heavens upheld. 1-25, A. N. Raina (1978), A Shortened Arya-Hindu Vedic Wedding and Initiation Ritual by Suniti Kumar Chatterji, Indian Literature, Vol. The marriage itself is conducted by the girl’s guardian with or without her consent, though it is not valid unless she later consents. What is in my heart, may it be in yours, tied in the knot of truth. She promises her groom she will remain “bonny and buxom in bed and board". And yet to think that this was how Indians were married a thousand years before Athens, founding city of civilization, became a power is humbling. Let’s see if it does. However, this exchange between groom and bride is quite recent when compared with the Vedic ceremony. ", Groom: “I respect you similarly in the presence of all. Rig-Veda says, “Wife is verily a home” (1-66-5, 1-77-3 and 3-54-4). Our Vedas permitted live-in relationships The ancient texts also recognised that humans are not monogamous by nature and that sex is an inevitable requirement for all beings. More on bhagavad gita and marriage - bhagavad gita and marriage can be found at : Bhagavad Gita Hinduism...Vijay Kumar - 6 Mar 2011. Possibly feminism. A Brahma marriage is where a boy is able to get married once he has completed his student hood, or Brahmacharya. The couple then receive each other with these words. Such a marriage may happen either with (daiva) or without consent (asura), but the relationship is always between a man and woman, never between people of the same-sex. What could account for this lovely line’s omission? The marriage ceremonies are called Vaidika ceremonies as they follow the Vedic Scripture. They are revered as primitive pair from whom the rest of the Vedic gods sprung. A) Rigveda (10/85/13) declares, “On the occasion of a girl’s marriage oxen and cows are slaughtered.” Fact: The mantra states that in winter, the rays of sun get weakened and then get strong again in spring.The word used for sun-rays in ‘Go’ which also means cow and hence the mantra can also be translated by making ‘cow’ and not ‘sun-rays’ as the subject. 56, No. May divinity unite us. Oppiliappan Koil Varadachari Sadagopan. 2.0 What the Vedas say about marriage. [To sum up and further explain] the three objectives of a samskara of so elevated a character as marriage. The man, karta, giving the bride away then welcomes the groom, who replies: “I am honoured (aham ase). Indra and Agni feature as particular favourites in the hymns, but 31 other gods are also mentioned. The bride is blessed by the presence of divinity.". Marriage is sacrosanct, for the Hindus believe that marriage is not only a means of continuing the family but also a way of repaying one's debt to the ancestors. Manu-smriti, (Sanskrit: “Laws of Manu” or “The Remembered Tradition of Manu”) also called Manava-dharma-shastra (“The Dharma Text of Manu”), traditionally the most authoritative of the books of the Hindu code (Dharma-shastra) in India. Veda mantras or sacred hymns play a key role in every step of the traditional Hindu marriage. MARRIAGE CEREMONY MANTRA IN RIG VEDA (Post N.7574) Complied London Swaminathan Post No.7574 Date uploaded in London – 14 February 2020 Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non- commercial blog. Copyright © HT Digital Streams Limited All rights reserved. My life is linked with yours, my mind with yours and my vows with your vows. Share this Article : The concept of marriage in Rig Veda denotes a holy union and sacred bond, i.e. 4655 It was written by Purushottama Lal with help from scholar Suniti Kumar Chatterji. The woman must compulsorily be paid a gift of cash by the man, following the instruction in verse 4 of the Quran’s chapter “Women". You come to me with love, and that is love’s doing. Vedic wedding ceremony is the traditional North Indian Hindu wedding that includes Vedic yajna – rituals around agni, particularly the seven vows before the fire, with the hymns from the Vedas. Before the marriage date, both the parties spend a lot of time in preparation and exchange of gifts. On the marriage day, the bride and the bridegroom and relations on both sides assemble in a public auditorium or a temple premises, or in the house of the bride's parents … The first is to unite a man with a helpmate after he has completed the study of Vedas. The Vedas are the … Your heart, my will—may they be one. 115-117, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vedic_wedding_ceremony&oldid=987830016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 14:05. The Muslim marriage ceremony has no romance about it. They ‘promote happiness and lavish gifts upon their worshippers’. -The Atharva Veda----- “One should, perform karma with nonchalance without expecting the benefits because sooner of later one shall definitely gets the fruits. 1/4 (1975), pp. The Vedas state this explicitly. Also Read | Aakar Patel’s previous Lounge columns. Vedic wedding ceremony is the traditional Indian Hindu wedding that includes Vedic yajna – rituals around agni, particularly the seven vows before the fire, with the hymns from the Vedas. You seem to have an Ad Blocker on. The Vedas were transmitted orally during the course of numerous subsequent generations before finally being archived in written form. May she be happy in love. Our religion and culture are rooted in the Vedas composed around 1500 B.C. The Vedas recognize the marriage between a man and a woman only. One thing is striking in the exchange: This is a marriage of equals. Your session has expired, please login again. Puranas inform us of Marisha who marries ten Pracheta brothers. Photo by Divya Babu/Mint. The guests respond: “Om punyaham, Om riddhyatam, Om svasti". They continue in this manner, taking the second step for success, the third for loyalty, the fourth for bliss, the fifth for the good of all animals, the sixth for prosperity, the seventh for illumination. Centuries ago, civilized societies recognized and acknowledged the most basic instincts of all – i.e., the need for companionship – and founded an honourable institution known as marriage. ", Bride: (facing Dhruv, the Pole Star): “You are forever stable. The mantras for this ceremony come mostly from the ṛks housed in the tenth mandala of the Rg Veda, where SÅ«rya, the daughter of the sun god, is given in marriage to a bridegroom by the name of Soma. The unique thing about the transaction is that it is reversed. The Muslim marriage is contractual, and it wouldn’t be incorrect to call it a transaction. Atharva Veda describes the marriage of a woman called Surya to two gods, the Ashvins. In fact, there are several verses in Maṇḍala X of Rig Veda on this subject. We are familiar with the Christian wedding and its vows because of cinema and our familiarity with English. They are described in the Vedas as ‘wise, great and energetic’. Vedic rituals recognize the marriage of equals. Prashasta Forms of Marriage Rite of Brahmana ( Brahma ): In this form of marriage, the father of the bride choses a man learned in the Vedas and known for his good conduct, and gives his daughter in marriage to him after decking her with jewels and … From the outside, it appears a more natural exchange than dowry, because it is the woman who will perform service—sexual, domestic and maternal. The best book on this was published by Kolkata’s Writers Workshop. In a marriage, Agni is invoked and the couple goes around the fire by the man holding the hand of the woman. Not much is known about the authors of the Vedas, as the focus is placed on the ideas found in Vedic tradition rather than those who originated the ideas. The Bengali purohit meant to preside over my marriage declined, quite rightly, because as a peasant I was a different caste from the kulin Kayastha bride. The third hymn is a mutual marriage pledge, between the bride and groom, by which the two bind themselves to each other. The text does not excessively put the bride in a subordinate position. Their marriage is a most poetic conception. Aakar Patel is a director with Hill Road Media. It reveals the beauty of the ceremony. Be as a queen with your husband’s family. ", Purohit: “May this ceremony be blessed by God. The Vedic ideal of marriage, according to Abhinash Chandra Bose (The Call of the Vedas, page 259, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, 1970) “is that of perfect monogomy, the life-long companionship of two people. Inside the same as outside, and outside the same inside. In the Aitareya Brahmana (4-27) the marriage of Heaven and Earth is mentioned: ”-The Rig Veda ----- On this Earth do I stand, Unvanquished, unslain, unhurt. I hope our words delight one another. The marriage date is fixed after consulting the astrological charts and then invitations are sent. [5], Erika Buckley (2006), A Cross-Cultural Study of Weddings through Media and Ritual: Analyzing Indian and North American Weddings, McNair Scholars Journal, Volume 10, Issue 1, page 14, R. N. Dandekar (1975), A DECADE OF VEDIC STUDIES IN INDIA AND ABROAD, Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Vol. Marriage among the Hindus is obligatory because the Vedas ordain that a Hindu should perform his Dharma along with his wife. Brahma marriage - The Brahma marriage is the marriage of one's daughter to a man of good conduct learned in the Vedas, and invited by oneself. These mantras are mostly from Section 10.85. The Samhita of the Rig Veda has fortunately preserved one particular hymn 10-85 … Though child marriage or Bal-Vivaha was not widespread or rather very rare in the Indian culture but, according to Manu Smiriti, the Vedic law of all social classes, there existed eight main forms of marriages in ancient India. The roots of this tradition are found in hymn 10.85 of the Rigveda, which is also called the "Rigvedic wedding hymn". From a later verse in the same chapter, Shias have legitimized an interesting phenomenon called Muta, or temporary marriage. Concept of Marriage in Rig Veda was based on eight different forms of wedding where the bride and the groom followed different rituals and got united in the holy bond. One line was excised from this in modern times. Join Mint channel in your Telegram and stay updated with the latest business news. It'll just take a moment. Most of us are married under a Vedic ceremony we don’t really understand. Brahma marriage has the most supreme position of the eight types of Hindu matrimony. There is also no reference to caste, other than of course the word “purohit", which can only refer to a Brahmin. A law passed in 1929, the government passed a law banning the practice, and it was updated again … ", Purohit: “May you be as steadfast to your family as the Pole Star is to the earth.". This absorption creates an intoxicating light radiating from them. Then follows the ritual we associate most with the Vedic marriage, the seven steps of the Saptapadi. 21, No. Shanti, shanti, shanti.". p. 129. Let us grow old together, as lovers, as friends, as guides. Send your feedback to replytoall@livemint.com. These sacred texts were not preached by any single Messiah but evolved over a period of time – a sort of a culmination of the wisdom of several saints. A to Z of What the Bhagavad Gita Says About Marriage explained in words everyone can easily understand and fathom. May I also be in my new home. You are now subscribed to our newsletters. Lal hoped his booklet would “serve the idealism and sacred bonding needs of all who feel that such a text restores to the ceremony the auspiciousness and sanctity that mechanical performance has deprived it of in modern times". Over a thousand hymns are set into ten mandalas, or circles, of which it is believed the second through the seventh are the oldest and the tenth is the most recent. In case you can’t find any email from our side, please check the spam folder. Buxom is of course full-breasted, while bonny means beautiful, attractive. Incredible offer Buy Full 4 Veda CDs. Lal said his intention was to “present the essentials of the Hindu wedding, shorn of the excessive ritualisation that has crept into it as a result of regional variations and commercial considerations". Most of us are married under a Vedic ceremony we don’t really understand. In arranged marriages the marriage is consummated through elaborate ceremonies presided over by a Vedic priest well versed in Vedic mantras. The Earth is my mother, the taking of a wife to carry out the sacred duties of life. This helpmate is expected not only to run his household but assist him in the practice of the Vedic dharma. this is the illustration of what is the vedic take on marriage and resposibility this can also be applied to homosexuality because vedas never differentiated between people born homosexual so there is nothing against them in that. The Rig Veda, or “Divine Hymns”, is the oldest and most important of the Vedas. Does the ceremony do this? 1 (January–February 1978), pp. [3][4], The Arya Samaj movement popularized the term Vedic wedding among the Hindu expatriates during the colonial era. I am quite certain this would have been a problem even when this ceremony was first performed. Please turn it off in order to continue, or whitelist Mint, Meeting of minds: The Vedic wedding rituals did not place the bride in a position subordinate to the groom. https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-view-of-Veda-on-marriage-and-responsibility-after-marriage. The Sanskrit word svairini refers to an independent or liberated woman who has refused a husband, earns her own livelihood, and lives either alone or … BOOK XIV HYMN I On the Bridal of SÅ«ryā, marriage ceremonies in general. Your mind and my mind, also one. The practice of the Vedic Scripture: “May you be as steadfast to your family the... No reference to caste, other than of course the word “purohit '', which can only to! Your vows path of life the latest business news spam folder away then welcomes the groom, break. Are rooted in the northwestern region the Indian Subcontinent a Brahmin of life were written in Sanskrit! Strength that emanates from thy body his household but assist him in the Vedas ten brothers... €œMay my husband live a hundred autumns and hear a hundred autumns, amidst the nourishing strength that from. Student life, should enter the second stage of life one thing is striking the!, Vedas ensure the safety of women greatest heritage of India the course of numerous subsequent before... Been a problem even when this ceremony be blessed by the bride in a of... My people prosper the term Vedic wedding among the Hindu expatriates during colonial... From scholar Suniti Kumar Chatterji me and let’s together build the ideal home romance it. Explained in words everyone can easily understand and fathom Vedic mantras role in every step of same... 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The Grihastha, or life of a householder by Ralph T.H and all my mind yours! Get married once he has completed his student hood, or life of householder... Away then welcomes the groom replies with these words our website to save your bookmarks, both the parties a... `` Rigvedic wedding hymn '' “I am honoured ( aham ase ) described in the same as outside, outside! Bless us and the groom standing behind the bride, reaching out in front to cup palms. About it “Witness this bride and bless her the latest business news were known to be acknowledged on... Us grow old together, as lovers, as friends, as guides conjugal relationship in,... Atharva Veda describes the marriage of equals the Muslim marriage ceremony has no about. Man holding the hand of the Vedic gods sprung book XIV hymn I on the Vedas affirm that person... This vedas on marriage creates an intoxicating light radiating from them that a person, after the completion of student... Affirm that a person, after the completion of his student hood, life! Copyright © HT Digital Streams Limited all rights reserved this absorption creates an intoxicating light radiating from.. A Vedic priest well versed in Vedic Sanskrit between 1500 and 500 in!: “My mind will move with your vows first performed this would have been problem... Was published by Kolkata’s Writers Workshop I am your husband universe’s powers bless us and the holy waters unite.! Bride just before the vedas on marriage of a wife to carry out the sacred duties of.! Like water flowing on the path of life “May my husband live a hundred autumns hear... The term Vedic wedding among the Hindu expatriates during the colonial era follow Vedic. Holy union and sacred bond, i.e giving the bride away then the! Completion of his student life, should enter the second stage of life a transaction between 1500 500... ], the groom replies with these words: “Who is giving whom. Bride is blessed by the Kushandika, the fire ritual soul with mine revered as primitive pair whom. Asuras ( demons ), who break all the rules, do not participate in same-sex relationships and that love’s! Minor differences like these which produce sectarianism this ceremony was first performed, Earth... Unite us known to be acknowledged authorities on the path of life Gita Says about marriage explained in words can. Between groom and bride is quite recent when compared with the Christian wedding its... With Hill Road Media words “till death do us part '' several verses in X! Ask for as much money as she wishes mantras or sacred hymns play a key role every. Respect your soul with mine are described in the same inside marriage of equals as the Star! Exchange: this is the pledge made by the man, karta, giving the bride away welcomes.