Dear bug finder, You have found the caterpillar of a Tiger Swallowtail, Papilio glaucus. This annual is a favorite host plant for black swallowtail caterpillars. What I eat: As a caterpillar, I am a very picky eater and usually will only eat leaves from the wild cherry or tulip trees. Tiger Swallowtails use a number of different plants as host plants, many of which are trees. The giant swallowtail, Papilio cresphontes Cramer, is a striking, wonderfully exotic-looking butterfly that is very abundant in Florida. Some species eat only particular plants, including Dutchman's pipe, Virginia snakeroot, wild cherry or carrots. Nectar; Larval food. The larval or caterpillar stage can be considered a pest due to its habit of feeding on the foliage of most Citrusspecies. As a butterfly, tiger swallowtails eat a wide variety of nectar from different plants; as caterpillars, they feed on willows, alders and cottonwood trees. Papilio glaucus. Black Swallowtail Butterflies eat Parsley, Fennel, Queen Anne's Lace, Celery and Dill. The Western Tiger Swallowtail is taking over territory in British Columbia. Eastern Tiger Swallowtail. They’ll also eat fennel, dill, Queen Anne’s lace and other members of the carrot family, but parsley is easy to grow in just about every garden. The Tiger Swallowtail is a beautiful, large butterfly, usually in the range of 3.5" - 5.5", easily identified by its black "tiger stripes". A few orangedogs, as the larvae are commonly called, can quickly defoliate small or young plants. However, it can take a swallowtail months to emerge from its chrysalis, so… Once a month (on days where the temps are above freezing) I mist the chrysalides with water. Like other caterpillars, swallowtail caterpillars eat leaves. Black Swallowtail caterpillars eat a lot. Make sure there are plenty of cuttings in the caterpillar enclosure. The only thing tiger swallowtails eat is nectar from flowers, which is why they are often seen fluttering around blooming chokecherry trees at this time of year. As caterpillars, the species eats flowers and leaves from plants. Caterpillar foods: Birches and Aspens, also possibly cherry, ash and willow – it would be interesting to raise some to see what they will eat as compared to Eastern Tiger Swallowtail caterpillars. However, larvae can be tolerated on large dooryard citrus trees in order … Adults nectar on a wide variety of flowers.” According to BugGuide, the Canadian Tiger Swallowtail ranges in: “northern US, Alaska, and every province and territory of Canada, north to the tundra” and “larvae feed on a wide variety of plants, including ash, cherry, poplar, and willow.” BugGuide also has images of the caterpillar. It is replaced in the south by its close relative, the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail. The adult butterfly is a welcome visitor to butterfly gardens and to general landscape plantings. Pterorous glaucus: The Tiger Swallowtail. Early-stage larvae resemble brown-and-white bird droppings. Betula – birches; Populus – poplars, aspens, and cottonwoods Eastern tiger swallowtail larvae eat the leaves of a variety of woody plants including wild cherry, tulip, birch, ash, cottonwood, and willow. I paged through all of my butterfly gardening books, but each and every one of them said the same thing: “Black Swallowtails use members of the carrot family (Apiaceae) including parsley, fennel, dill, Queen Anne’s Lace, and carrots.” … Females lay eggs singly on the host plant. The caterpillars of various swallowtail butterfly species feed on a wide range of different plants, most depending on only one of five families: Aristolochiaceae, Annonaceae, Lauraceae, Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) and Rutaceae. My Home: I am found throughout North America, from Canada all the way to Mexico. In some parts of its range, the Canadian Tiger Swallowtail has been replaced by the expanding Eastern Tiger Swallowtail. What's the difference between an Eastern Tiger Swallowtail and a Canadian Tiger Swallowtail? ), Oregon ash (Fraxinus latifolia) and sycamore (Platanus spp.). The Canadian Tiger Swallowtail is a very common and conspicuous butterfly of northern Wisconsin. I'm trying to figure out which butterfly I saw, it's hard to tell them apart. You may purchase your host plant from Shady Oak Butterfly Farm or from a local plant nursery. The two species were once considered the same, but genetic testing done in the early 1990's merited a separation of the two types. Identification: Very large—nearly 5" (much larger than Monarch). The caterpillar will select a spot and remain still for a time before forming its chrysalis. So I started to research this question. Here at Shady Oak we sell Parsley, Dill, and Fennel. Based on my experience with monarchs, I believe it’s most important to hydrate your caterpillars. This rather plain caterpillar turns into one of our most spectacular butterflies, the tiger swallowtail (Pterourus glaucus). You can experiment with other plants as well. The Canadian Tiger Swallowtail is an adaptive generalist, and though its range is limited to northern climates, it is able to adjust to nearly any habitat within that range. Males patrol to locate receptive females. Western Tiger Swallowtails prefer leaves of willow, bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum), aspen and poplar (Populus spp. The young caterpillars are less than 1/2 inch long and are black with white spots. But I started to wonder what these caterpillars ate BEFORE the European settlement when none of those plants were present in this country. The Canadian Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio canadensis) is a medium to large butterfly with distinctive yellow and black coloring that may be seen in the Adirondack Mountains in upstate New York in early summer.It is a member of the family Papilionidae (Swallowtails), named for the tail-like projections on their hind wings, resembling the tails of swallows. The Eastern and the Canadian Tiger Swallowtails used to be considered subspecies, and this has resulted in some confusion. Give each swallowtail chrysalis adequate moisture for the winter. Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa) is a type of milkweed, and as such is automatically a potential host for the monarch's caterpillars (although the common milkweed is perhaps superior in this regard). Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly. It is even Virginia’s state insect. This used to be considered a subspecies of Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus). It is sometimes seen crawling down the trunks of ash and cherry trees in early summer, looking for a place to pupate. How do I tell the difference? Nectar plants include verbena, zinnias, … with his grandson, he decided to grow some parsley in hopes of attracting more native butterflies to his garden. They are the state butterfly of Georgia, Delaware, North and South Carolina, and Alabama of which it is also the state mascot. Recently we got a question from a visitor about his black swallowtail butterfly caterpillars. 3. The caterpillar folds the host plant's leaves and ties them together with silk; they then eat from this structure. Common host plants include tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera) and wild black cherry (Prunus serotina) and sweet bay Magnolia (Magnolia virginiana). And this is a very true statement, Black Swallowtail caterpillars do, indeed, use all of these as host plants. Above: FW and HW striking yellow and black. Adult swallowtail butterflies feed on the nectar of flowers, but they also eat manure and mud. After visiting M&T Bank Butterflies LIVE! Adults fly during spring and summer and one brood occurs. When the caterpillar has gotten large, around 3 to 4 inches, it begins looking for a place to form its chrysalis. Also I live in northern Ontario. Generally, you want to use the same plant where you originally found the caterpillar's eggs. BugGuide has an image of this typically green caterpillar with the same coloration as yours, and there is a comment that judging by the color, it is ready to pupate. Their eggs are shiny and dark green. Butterfly: Wingspan: 3½ - 4½ inches (8.6 - 11.5 cm).Very similar to Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, but significantly larger than spring form Eastern Tigers. The pupae overwinter, then emerge in May. Foods: Host plants for the larvae include hop tree, tulip tree, and various species of ashes, apples, and cherries. Females lay eggs singly on surface of hostplant leaves. Their host plants include: cherry trees such as Wild Black Cherry (Prunus serotina), Tuliptree/Yellow-poplar - (Liriodendron tulipifera), Magnolias such as Sweet Bay Magnolia - (Magnolia virginiana… It is also a favorite nectar source of a number of butterfly species, including the tiger swallowtail and black swallowtail. Canadian Tiger Swallowtail Papilio canadensis. Black Swallowtail caterpillars eat dill, fennel, parsley, and rue. Adults drink nectar from a variety of flowers. Provide some sticks in the aquarium for this purpose. The Tiger Swallowtail caterpillar is not poisonous. Nectar and Host Plants Used by the Spicebush Swallowtail The favorite host plants of the Spicebush Swallowtail include spicebush, sassafras, camphor trees, red bay, and sweet bay (see plant images at the bottom of this page). The nearly identical looking western swallowtail (Papilio rutulus) feeds on cottonwoods, aspens and others. Adult food. In the Deep South, provide some shade in the hot summer months. Males are more likely than females to “puddle” (sip liquid and accompanying salts from puddles or damp soil). Hindwings appear elongated and the area of silvery-blue on the underside is much broader than on Eastern Tigers. The life cycle consists of a tiny yellow-green egg, green caterpillar, light brown pupa attached to plant stem, and finally adult butterfly. Fortunately, he witnessed a black swallowtail butterfly laying eggs on the parsley plants and those larva hatching and growing large. Tiger Swallowtail Host Plants. Females have blush of bright blue near base of tails. These species of butterflies are known to be the most polyphagous among all swallowtails since they eat a lot of things apart from flower nectar like carrion, urine and dung. Caterpillars will need a food source when they arrive. Black stripe along inner wings paralleling body (also visible below) is thinner than on Canadian Tiger. 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